On April 1, 2020, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) officially proposed drinking water standards for PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid) and PFOS (perfluorooctanesulfonic acid), two of the most common and widely studied chemicals belonging to a class of chemicals often called ‘forever chemicals’ because they don’t break down in the environment and can contaminate water systems long after their industrial use is over. The proposed standards, or maximum contaminant level (MCL), of 14 parts per trillion (ppt) for PFOA and 13 ppt for PFOS were published in the New Jersey Register. These standards are far stricter than the 70 ppt combined health advisory guideline set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A copy of the notice published in the New Jersey Register is available HERE. PFOA substances have been linked to numerous health effects including increased cholesterol, low infant birth weights, effects on the immune system, cancer, and thyroid hormone disruption. Similarly, PFOS’s health effects include raised cholesterol and uric acid levels, effects on the immune system, developmental and reproductive effects, hormone disruption, and cancer. What makes the risks associated with these chemicals more challenging to manage is their ubiquitous nature, having been used in numerous commercial and industrial applications, including food cookware and packaging, firefighting foam, and as a coating on many household items such as carpet and apparel. Once the rule is adopted, the PFOA and PFOS standards will serve as the minimum remediation or cleanup standards for contaminated groundwater.